Category: Communist Party of China
What’s the most distinctive part of the CPC’s character?
worker | April 25, 2021 | 9:05 pm | China, Communist Party of China | Comments closed

https://news.cgtn.com/news/2021-04-25/What-s-the-most-distinctive-part-of-the-CPC-s-character–ZJWiZrPlUA/index.html

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What’s the most distinctive part of the CPC’s character?
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1-1-4 What’s the most distinctive part of the CPC’s character.mp3

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Editor’s note: This 100-episode podcast explains how China really works. Exploring Xi Jinping Thought and how the Chinese president’s approach has shaped the governance of China, the podcast decodes the country’s growth story to help you truly understand its success and challenges.

To have the courage to carry out self-reform and conduct strict self-governance, this is the most distinctive part of our Party’s character.
 –  Chinese President Xi Jinping

To have the courage to carry out self-reform and conduct strict self-governance, this is the most distinctive part of our Party’s character. We must uphold the Party Constitution as our fundamental rules, give top priority to the political work of the Party, combine efforts on ideological work and institution building, and strengthen Party competence in all respects. We must focus on oversight over the “key few,” by which we mean leading officials, and see that the principle of the Three Stricts and Three Earnests is observed.

We must uphold democratic centralism, ensure that intraparty political activities are carried out in earnest, impose strict Party discipline and strengthen internal oversight. We must develop a positive and healthy political culture in the Party and improve the Party’s political ecosystem, resolutely correct misconduct in all its forms and show zero tolerance for corruption. We will continue to strengthen the Party’s ability to purify, improve and reform itself and forever maintain its close ties with the people.

Just as there are no bounds to practice, there is no end to theoretical exploration. The world is changing with every second, every moment, and China, too, is changing with every second, every moment. We must ensure our theory evolves with the times, deepen our appreciation of objective laws and advance our theoretical, practical, institutional, cultural and other explorations.

Comrades,

The era is the mother of thought; practice is the fount of theory. If we respond to the call of our times and have the courage to uphold truth and correct errors, the Marxism of 21st century China will, without a doubt, emanate a more mighty, more compelling power of truth.

(Source: Extract from Xi Jinping’s report at the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, October 18, 2017.)

This episode is presented by Ning Yan.

An article by Chinese President Xi Jinping on learning the history of the Communist Party of China (CPC) will be published Thursday.
worker | March 31, 2021 | 8:04 pm | China, Communist Party of China | Comments closed

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Chinese President Xi Jinping stresses learning CPC history in article to be published tomorrow
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An article by Chinese President Xi Jinping on learning the history of the Communist Party of China (CPC) will be published Thursday.

The article by Xi, also general secretary of the CPC Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, will be published in the seventh issue of the Qiushi Journal, the CPC Central Committee’s flagship magazine.

The article highlights the importance of learning CPC history given the fact that this year marks the 100th anniversary of the founding of the CPC.

It hopes all Party members will learn from the history, so the Party can better serve the people and lead the country to fully build a modern socialist country.

According to the article, the year 2021 is at the critical juncture when the first centenary goal of completely building a moderately prosperous society in all respects is finished, while a new journey to fully building a modern socialist country begins.

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Xi Jinping stresses Party history learning as CPC gears up for centenary

It calls for enhancement on the education of Party history as the learning will help ensure the CPC remain true to its original aspiration and the process of carrying forward the historic cause of national rejuvenation.

The article raised requirements on Party history education by urging members to enhance their political consciousness with innovative theories, deepening their awareness to the Party’s principles to ensure the Party maintains its original characteristics, summarizing the historical experience to improve their anti-risk capabilities, and strengthening unification.

The article also calls for pursuing substantial results in education.

Xi: Marx’s theory still shines with truth
worker | May 4, 2018 | 8:08 pm | China, Communist Party of China, Karl Marx, socialism | Comments closed

Chinese President Xi Jinping, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, is delivering a speech at a conference to mark the 200th anniversary of the birth of Karl Marx on Friday morning.

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Xi: Marx’s theory still shines with truth

Politics
CGTN
1km to Beijing
2018-05-04 10:00 GMT+8

Updated 2018-05-04 14:28 GMT+8

Two centuries on, despite huge and profound changes in human society, the name of Karl Marx is still respected all over the world and his theory still shines with the brilliant light of truth, Chinese President Xi Jinping said Friday.

Xi, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, delivered a speech at a meeting to mark the 200th anniversary of the birth of Karl Marx on Friday morning in Beijing.

“Today, we hold this grand gathering with great veneration to mark the 200th anniversary of Marx’s birth, to remember his great character and historic deeds and to review his noble spirit and brilliant thoughts,” Xi said at the event.

Marxism has profound impact on humans

Xi reviewed the great revolutionary and philosopher’s life in the speech and spoke highly of his contribution to human history.

CGTN Photo

“The most valuable and influential spiritual wealth left by Marx is the scientific theory of Marxism named after him,” Xi said.

The theory can be compared to a spectacular sunrise lighting the path for humans to explore the rules of history and pursue liberation, said Xi.

“Marxism is a scientific theory, creatively revealing the law of human social development,” he added. He also highlighted that Marxism is a constantly developing theory and always stands at the forefront of the times.

170 years have passed since the first formal version of the Communist Manifesto was published, and Marxism has been widely disseminated in the world, said Xi, adding that no ideological theory has had such a wide and profound impact on humans as Marxism has.

Xinhua Photo‍

“Marx is widely regarded as the thinker of the millennium,” Xi said.

Marxism has not only profoundly changed the world but also profoundly changed China, stressed Xi.

Only socialism with Chinese characteristics can develop China

‍The CPC combines the basic principles of Marxism with the realities of new China and has brought historical achievements, as well as deep and fundamental historical changes to the country, he added.

Such achievements have proven that only by adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics can we achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, he added.

The founding of the CPC was guided by Marxism, while the Party holds a great responsibility towards the rejuvenation of the nation and leading the Chinese people to create a miracle of human beings, Xi said.

As a faithful believer and steadfast practitioner of Marxism, the CPC is making persistent efforts to uphold and develop Marxism, said Xi.

Chinese Communists committed to constant development of Marxism

The general theory set forth by Marxism is still absolutely right despite tremendous changes of human society, said Xi.

Members of CPC shall always be the guardian and practicer of the Marxism, said Xi, calling the CPC members to transfer scientific thought and theory to strong substantial power to understand and remold world.

A conference to mark the 200th anniversary of the birth of Karl Marx is held in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, capital of China, May 4, 2018. /Xinhua Photo

He stressed that the communists must make a habit of reading the Marxist classics and understanding the principles of Marxism. He urges communists to use the classics to guide their practice.

The vitality of theory lies in constant innovation, Xi said. And the constant development of Marxism is the sacred duty of Chinese Communists.

“We must persist in using Marxism to observe, interpret and lead the times, promote the development of Marxism with a fresh and rich contemporary Chinese practice,” Xi said.

Xi Seeking ‘Rich, Democratic, Modernized Socialist China’ – Academic
worker | October 26, 2017 | 8:31 pm | Analysis, China, Communist Party of China, socialism, Xi Jinping | Comments closed

https://sputniknews.com/analysis/201710261058570674-xi-china-modernization/

Xi Seeking ‘Rich, Democratic, Modernized Socialist China’ – Academic

China's President Xi Jinping speaks during the opening session of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, China October 18, 2017,

Xi Seeking ‘Rich, Democratic, Modernized Socialist China’ – Academic

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While demonstrating commitment to the policy of openness, the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) placed emphasis on people’s ever-growing needs for a better life, ecology, deep reforms and law-based governance, Andrei Karneev, deputy head of the Institute of Asia and Africa at Moscow State University, has told Sputnik.

China’s commitment to the “policy of openness” became Beijing’s major message to the world, Andrei Karneev, deputy head of the Institute of Asia and Africa at Moscow State University told Sputnik China, while commenting on the Resolution of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), which took place in Beijing between October 18 and 24.

Policy of Openness

“The Chinese leadership will continue to act on the world arena within the framework of openness, regardless of the difficulties [it is facing] in the way of globalization and emerging anti-globalist and protectionist bias in some countries,” Karneev said.

The academic pointed out that being an important participant of the international system, China “contributes to world development through its ability to provide a dynamic pace of economic development while maintaining social-political stability in the country.” He stressed that new phrases such as “great cause,” “great struggle,” “great dream” and “great project” have appeared in the congress’s resolution.

‘Large-Scale Processes Within CPC’

“These formulations indicate that complex and large-scale processes are taking place within the [Chinese Communist] party,” Karneev highlighted. “After Xi Jinping came to power in 2012, he launched an unprecedented anti-corruption campaign. The fight against corruption intended to clear the [CPC] ranks of those who abused their power and authority.”

As a result of Xi’s sweeping anti-corruption efforts about 1.34 million grassroots level officials as well as tens of thousands of high ranking officials have been punished under his presidency. However, the policy was met with criticism by those who argued that the Chinese leader targeted his political opponents, including former security chief Zhou Yongkang, politician Bo Xilai, and Lin Jihua, an aide to former Chinese president Hu Jintao.According to the academic, by solving the corruption problem and improving the executive discipline at all levels, the country’s leadership is seeking to boost the CPC’s ability to manage the increasingly complex Chinese society.

Therefore, one of the 14 points that form the CPC’s basic policy aimed at developing “socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era” is “to uphold absolute Party leadership over the people’s forces.”

Rule of Law

President Xi’s announcement of the establishment of a government group aimed at maintaining the law-based state and the creation of verification mechanisms to ensure that the decisions made by state bodies comply with the country’s constitution. “Apparently, a controlling body — the State committee for supervision — will also be created soon [in China],” the academic suggested.

“We must uphold the authority and centralized, unified leadership of the Party Central Committee, closely follow the Party’s political line, strictly observe its political discipline and rules, and closely align ourselves with the Central Committee in terms of political stance, direction, principle, and path,” the resolution emphasized.

Karneev stressed that the CPC congress also focused attention on the need to redistribute power between the center and local governments an announced other important initiatives in the sphere of public administration.According to the scholar, they follow the same logic they adhered to during the anti-corruption campaign: to boost the role of the state and to make the management process more efficient and transparent.

“Xi Jinping and his team [are taking these steps] to implement a new package of economic and social reforms which would turn China into a rich, powerful, democratic, harmonious, civilized and modernized socialist state by the middle of the 21st century,” Karneev noted.

Speaking to Sputnik on Thursday, Ding Xueliang, the political analyst and a social science professor at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, underscored that President Xi is seeking to solidify his power while facing opposition from some CPC members.

‘Moderately Prosperous Society in All Respects’

The Russian academic highlighted that the CPC regards “the principal contradiction in Chinese society” as “one between unbalanced and inadequate development and the people’s ever-growing needs for a better life,” while proclaiming the goal of “building a moderately prosperous society in all respects.”

Previously, the party’s documents put an emphasis on contradictions between the material needs of the people of China and the “relative underdevelopment of the productive forces,” Karneev said. Additionally, the new vision highlights the importance of “harmony between human and nature.”In addition, the document promised the CPC’s adherence to “a people-centered approach.”

“With this, we [China] can be better placed to meet the ever-growing economic, political, cultural, social, and ecological needs of our people, and to promote well-rounded human development and all-round social progress,” the resolution stated.

According to the Russian scholar, the 19th Congress of the CPC became an important event both for China and its international partners. Most expectations surrounding the forum’s political course and decisions have been met, Karneev noted. Xi’s report both summed up the results of the five-year-long party’s work and formulated new ideas and approaches under the new conditions.

Additionally, the Congress pledged to modernize the country’s military forces making them a world-class army and voiced its commitment to the implementation of the One Belt, One Road (OBOR) project. Following the final day of the congress, Xi introduced five new members of the Politburo Standing Committee (PBSC), while evading naming his potential successor.

Xi Jinping Declares Era of ‘National Rejuvenation’ in China
worker | October 19, 2017 | 8:59 pm | China, Communist Party of China, Xi Jinping | Comments closed

https://sputniknews.com/columnists/201710191058370558-xi-jinping-china-national-rejuvenation/

Xi Jinping Declares Era of ‘National Rejuvenation’ in China

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Chinese premier Xi Jinping’s opening speech at the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party was the most bullish and assertive by a Chinese leader since the era of Mao, no doubt drawing parallels with President Obama’s controversial “pivot to Asia” speech in 2011 as Beijing’s long overdue riposte.

The Chinese miracle of sustained hyper economic growth, lasting over three decades, has under Xi Jinping’s leadership since 2012 been joined by a robust foreign policy with the purpose of solidifying and increasing China’s ability to repel Washington’s hegemonic objectives in the region.

During the course of a marathon speech lasting over three hours, in which “national rejuvenation” was the overarching theme, Xi outlined an ambitious vision of China’s economic, cultural, military, and geopolitical development over the coming decade. In the process of doing so, he left no doubt that rather than relinquish or in any way weaken its hand on the levers of power, the Chinese Communist Party will remain in full command as the ballast of cohesion within and the pillar of strength required to navigate the rapids of an ever-changing world without.

China's President Xi Jinping speaks during the opening session of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, China October 18, 2017,
© REUTERS/ Aly Song
China’s President Xi Jinping speaks during the opening session of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, China October 18, 2017,

After decades of “tireless struggle,” Xi Jinping told delegates, China “stood tall and firm in the east,” before further on proclaiming:

“The Chinese nation… has stood up, grown rich, and become strong — and it now embraces the brilliant prospects of rejuvenation… It will be an era that sees China moving closer to centre stage and making greater contributions to mankind.”

Since assuming coming to power back in 2012, Xi Jinping has led China down an unapologetically nationalist path, determined to assert a dominant regional position, especially in relation to Japan, while, as mentioned, acquiring the military means and ability to deter Washington’s attempt to place a cordon sanitaire around it.

What has consistently been underestimated in the West is the antipathy in which Beijing holds Japan, rooted in historical factors but which also has a contemporary context with the ongoing territorial dispute between both countries with respect to the Japanese-controlled Senkaku Islands (Diaoyu Islands in China) in the East China Sea.

Anti-Japan feeling in China extends way beyond the country’s political leadership and nomenklatura. In his 2017 book, Everything Under the Heavens, Howard French points out that to “turn on the television in China is to be inundated with war-themed movies, which overwhelmingly focus on Japanese villainy. More than two hundred anti-Japanese films were produced in 2012 alone, with one scholar estimating that 70 percent of Chinese TV dramas involve Japan-related plots.”

Those familiar with the brutal history of Japanese imperialism, and the unresolved issues stemming from Japan’s occupation of China in the 1930s and 40s, will appreciate why Chinese nationalism and anti-Japan sentiment walk hand in hand in 2017.

Fueling this sentiment further is the perception of Japan as a cat’s paw of Washington in the region, most obviously with regard to China’s other territorial dispute over the strategically important Spratly Islands in the South China Sea. Multiple nations in the region claim sovereignty over this small group of islands, which have been claimed by Beijing. The US supports those rival claims with Tokyo’s support.

The controversy over China’s enlargement of the islands through an extensive dredging operation, establishing military installations to leave no doubt of its seriousness in defending them, is a key source of tension between Beijing and Washington in the current period.

This being said, and despite China prioritizing the upgrading, modernization and expansion its military capability, Beijing’s strength remains rooted in its remarkable economic growth and development. It is here where the country continues to astound a Washington Consensus underpinned by a neoliberal model that the 2008 financial and economic crash exposed as a corpse. In contrast, China’s statist mixed market alternative has been responsible lifting 500 million of its people out of extreme poverty over the past three decades, to the point where urban poverty has now been completely eradicated.

This of course is not to suggest that China — the world’s most populace country at over 1.3 billion people — has succeeded in surmounting the contradictions sown by such a phenomenal rate of economic growth. On the contrary, inequality and corruption remain serious problems within Chinese society, both of which Xi Jinping addressed in his speech. But when related to the state of underdevelopment the country was floundering in prior to it opening up in the late 1970s, its successes and achievements outweigh its weaknesses and failures by a considerable margin.

This brings us to the role of the Communist Party in China. The main critique of China in the West concerns its lack of democracy and liberal democratic political institutions — though here we discern the usual Orientalist rendering of non-Western polities, the starting point of which is that the world exists on a blank sheet of paper in which context in the form of a country and region’s specific historical, cultural, geopolitical specificities are conveniently and purposely abstracted.

Martin Jacques makes the pertinent point that democracy “should not be regarded as some abstract ideal, applicable in all situations, whatever the conditions, irrespective of history and culture, for if the circumstances are not appropriate it will never work properly, and may even prove disastrous.”

Jacques, a respected China expert, is absolutely right. Of more importance than democracy in developing countries, he further points out, is economic growth and social cohesion, both of which are inextricably linked to security and stability.

For those who hanker for a world underpinned by multipolarity rather than the unipolarity over which Washington has presided these past few decades, Xi Jinping’s speech will have sounded a welcome note of assertion and strength. Among neocons it will have induced the dread associated with impending irrelevancy.

The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official position of Sputnik.

Check out John’s Sputnik radio show, Hard Facts.

Letter from Ho Chi Minh to the Indochinese Communist Party
worker | January 28, 2014 | 8:27 pm | Action, Communist Party of China, Ho Chi Minh | Comments closed
Ho Chi Minh

Ho Chi Minh

Kwelin, May 10, 1939

Dear comrades: In the past, in my opinion and that of a good number of comrades, Trotskyism has seemed a matter of struggle between the trends within the Chinese Communist Party. So they almost were not paying attention. But shortly before the outbreak of the war, more precisely since the end of 1936, and especially during the war, the criminal Trotskyist propaganda has opened our eyes. Then we started to study the problem. And our study has led us to the following conclusions:

1  The problem of Trotskyism is not a struggle between the trends within the Chinese Communist Party. Because between Communists and Trotskyists there is no tie, absolutely no tie. It is a matter that concerns the whole people: the fight against the country.

2  The fascist Japanese and foreign fascists know. So, looking to try to create disagreements, to mislead public opinion and undermine the popularity of the Communists, making people believe they are communists and Trotskyists in the same field.

3  The Chinese Trotskyists (like the Trotskyists in other countries) do not represent a group, much less a political party. They are nothing more then a criminal gang, the hounds of Japanese fascism (and of international fascism).

4  In all countries, the Trotskyists gave good nicknames to mask their dirty work of bandits. For example, in Spain, their names are Workers Party of Marxist Unification (POUM). Did you know that it is they who are the nests of spies in Madrid, Barcelona and elsewhere in the service of Franco? It is they who organized the famous fifth column, agency of the army intelligence of the fascist Italians and Germans. In Japan, they are called Marx-Engels-Lenin League (MEL). The Japanese Trotskyists attract young people to their league, then reported them to the police. They seek to penetrate the Japanese Communist Party in order to destroy it from within. In my opinion, the French Trotskyists, now organized around the Proletarian Revolution Group (1) set a goal to sabotage the Popular Front. On this subject, I think you are better informed than I am. In our country of China [referring to Indochina, N. E.], Trotskyists are grouped into formations like La Lutte, War against the Japanese, Culture and Red Flag.

5  The Trotskyists are not only enemies of communism, but also enemies of democracy and progress. They are the most infamous traitors and spies. Maybe you have read the indictments of the processes in the Soviet Union against the Trotskyists. If you have not read them, I advise you to do so and to read them to your friends. It is a very useful reading. It will help them see the true disgusting face of Trotskyism and Trotskyists. Here, allow me to extract some passages relating directly to China. The true repugnant face of Trotskyism.

Before the court, the Trotskyist Rakovsky (2) confessed that in 1934 when he was in Tokyo (as representative of the Soviet Red Cross) a high character of the Japanese government had told him: We have the right to expect from the Trotskyists a change in strategy. I will not go into details. I only wanted to say that we expect from the Trotskyists, actions that favor our intervention in the affairs of China. Responding to the Japanese, Rakovsky said: I will write to Trotsky about this. In December 1935, Trotsky sent to his supporters in China, instructions that repeatedly emphasized that phrase: Do not create obstacles to the Japanese invasion of China. And how have Trotskyists in China acted? They are in a hurry to know, is it not true? But, beloved comrades, I can not respond more in my next letter. Do not you recommend me to write short letters? Hope to see you soon.

1939: About Trotskyism (Letter to the Communist Party of Indochina)

Notes

(1) Revolucion Proletaria: Newspaper published by a group of French revolutionary syndicalists.

(2) Revolutionary leader in the Balkans before the First World War, Ukrainian Prime Minister from 1919 to 1923, was then Soviet ambassador in Paris and one of the founders of the Left Opposition. Expelled from the CPSU in 1927 continued his work to capitulate in 1934